Who What When Where Why?
On the 9th of Zhul Hijjah, every year, for a single day, over two million people go to arafat to take part in one of the most important steps in the pilgrimage to Hajj. Arafat is a plain, a short distance away from Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is the place that the prophet Muhammad (pbuh) gave his last sermon. Muslims spend their time (noon till dusk) praying and making dua for forgiveness and entrance to paradise in the hereafter. Muslims who did not go to Hajj can get rewards on the day of Arafat by fasting.
Fasting on the day of ‘Arafah is a confirmed Sunnah for those who are not performing Hajj. It was narrated from Abu Qataadah (R.A) that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) was asked about fasting on the day of ‘Arafah and he said: “It expiates for the past and coming years.”